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justice circle

The Tontakaiê:rine (It has become right again) Tyendinaga Justice Circle is an alternative for youth involved with the justice system. The program brings together victims, offenders, and families or advocates in a safe environment to discuss the offence and its effects, and then jointly decide on the best way to right the wrong. This Indigenous conflict resolution process validates victims, offenders, families, and advocates, and creates healing. The program receives referrals from police, crown attorneys, local schools, and community agencies. We are expanding Tontakaierine to offer more culturally-relevant mentorship, youth events, and ongoing support for families, and are looking at delivering training to professionals in the youth services field.


Tontakaiê:rine is an alternative to mainstream court intended for Indigenous people in conflict with the law; as such the TJC aspires to provide all participants that were affected by the ‘wrong-doing’ with a positive, transformative experience using holistic circle processes.

By focusing on natural law and the importance of upholding our responsibilities as Haudenosaunee, the TJC seeks to create healthier relationships and to promote a better understanding of Indigenous identity and belonging.



It is our mission to create opportunities for healing and restoration of peace for FNMI peoples affected by harm.  

TONTAKAIÊ:RINE: Something that has gone and come back around; has come full circle.  


Our vision includes the restoration of culture and community, where we have purpose and understanding through knowledge of our roles and responsibilities, bringing balance to our way of thinking. 


We believe that the actions of our ancestors impact our lives and the generations to come and that it is our responsibility to set a path for those coming along next.  


Adult and Youth Diversion Programs

Youth Restorative Initiatives

Tontakaêi:rine’s Youth Restorative Initiatives is an alternative to the mainstream justice system, with a focus on youth ages 12-17. The forum brings Yakokarewáhtonh (those who have been harmed), Yontatkarewáhtonh (those who have caused harm), their supporters and community members together in a safe, controlled environment. The goal is to discuss the incident, its effects, and to decide collaboratively how to right the wrong that has been done.

Adult Diversion

Tontakaêi:rine’s Adult Diversion Program is intended for the qualifying First Nation/Métis/Inuit adult population who are in conflict with the law. The adult diversion worker can provide culturally relevant methods of intervention and services to address the needs of the client and courts. By using restorative processes and focussing on the needs of the victim(s), clients will be supported in their healing and reintegration back into the community.

Tontakaêi:rine Diversion Benefits

Restorative Practises, not to be confused with “Sentencing Circles”, emphasizes the harm crime does to the community and how the community, rather than the court system, can respond to crime in more satisfactory ways. Additional benefits are:

  • Victim focussed
  • Chance to have your voice heard
  • Forum support
  • Outcomes are unique to each individual
  • Closure and healing
  • Private, controlled atmosphere
  • Confidential
  • Culturally sensitive
  • Timely

What is Gladue?

Gladue refers to a right that Indigenous People have under section 718.2 (e) of the Criminal Code and section 38(2)(d) of the Youth Criminal Justice Act.  

Gladue is also a sentencing principle which recognizes that Indigenous People face racism and systemic discrimination in and out of the criminal justice system, and attempts to deal with the crisis of overrepresentation /inequities of Indigenous Peoples in custody, to the extent possible, through changing how judges sentence. Gladue instructs judges, when sentencing or setting bail, to consider: “all available sanctions other than imprisonment that are reasonable in the circumstances, with particular attention to” the circumstances of Indigenous people.

Gladue Writer

The Gladue Case Manager supports Indigenous accused (adults and youth) and justice personnel in applying sentencing principals. The Gladue case manager provides the court with a confidential report on the offender that contains a comprehensive picture of both the life circumstances of the offender and the options available to the court in sentencing.  The Gladue Writer compiles this information by conducting interviews with the offender, family members and other people who know the offender.    

A Gladue report, as offered by the TJC can only be ordered by the court (i.e. Judge or Crown).

Gladue Aftercare Caseworker

The Gladue Aftercare Caseworker is responsible for providing case and file management by assisting Indigenous clients to follow through with recommendations of their Gladue Report upon sentencing. The Gladue Aftercare Worker provides direct services, and makes necessary referrals to programs and services within surrounding areas, corrections and in the community to ensure that clients receive services in a timely fashion. 

First Nations/Métis/Inuit Courtworker

The Court Worker is the first point of contact for Indigenous accused.  The court worker provides opportunities for Indigenous peoples to gain access to support systems, liaison services, resources and information on matters relating to the judicial system.  The court worker maintains a presence in bail, remand and sentencing courts to provide navigation and liaison assistance for both the judicial system and Indigenous people to ensure fair, culturally appropriate and restorative outcomes when possible.

Contact Information:

Mark Brinklow 
Manager of Indigenous Court Services & Restorative Justice - markb@fnti.net, 613-827-5695

Stephen Green 
Youth Justice Worker - stepheng@fnti.net, 613-438-6514

Mike Ferrante 
Adult Diversion Worker - mikef@fnti.net, 613-438-2040

Crystal Haight 
Gladue Aftercare Worker - crystalh@fnti.net, 613-438-6967

Ryder Sager
Gladue Writer - ryders@fnti.net, 613-438-4674

Nicole Trumble (On Leave)
Gladue Writer (Kingston) - nicolet@fnti.net 

Nicole Storms
Youth Justice Worker - nicolestorms@fnti.net